Every two years the Legislature convenes a "long" regular session, running 60 legislative days. During this even-year session we draft and vote on the Commonwealth's biennial budget. This process takes many months, but the document itself gets it first official unveiling when the sitting Governor of the day makes his or her State of Commonwealth address in mid-January. Last week, Governor Bevin gave his address to a joint session of the Senate and House and the following day the various budget bills were filed in the House (where law requires all appropriations bills to begin) and the legislative process begins in earnest.
Below are the budget bills for you to download and review if you're curious. The bill must pass the House (where it will certainly change shape), before coming to the Senate (where it will change again), and then customarily a free conference committee is formed (made up of House and Senate members) to hammer out a compromise. Once a unified version of the bill has passed both chambers it heads to the Governor for his signature or veto.